By the end of 2016, the total number of registered households in Taizhou was 5,082.1 thousand, increased by 0.07%; Among them, 1,639.8 thousand people lived in downtown areas, and 2,492.5 thousand are women with a sex ratio of 103.90, decreased by 0.11. The number of new births in Taizhou in 2016 was 46.6 thousand and the birth rate was 9.17‰; the number of deaths in Taizhou was 36.7 thousand and the death rate was 7.23‰; the natural growth rate of population was 1.94‰;. The permanent households by the end of 2016 was 4,645.8 thousand, 1,626 thousand people lived in urban areas.
There were 50 minorities in Taizhou and its population was over 10 thousand. The majority of them were Tujia, Miao and Hui minorities. The minority population accounted for 0.14% of the whole population in Taizhou.