Taizhou is located at the center of Jiangsu. It reaches of the Yangtze River with Nantong to the south, Yangzhou to the west and Zhenjiang, Changzhou and Wuxi on the opposite side of the Yangtze River.
Taizhou has an individual hill which is one of northeast extensions of Tianmu Mountain in Zhejiang. It is located in Gushan Town about 5 to 6 kilometers away to the north of Jingjiang. Its latitude is 55.6 meters, the circumference is 1.5 kilometers and the covering area is 50 thousand square meters. It is the unique mountain in North Jiangsu flatlands, so it is named Gu (which means lonely in Chinese) Mountain.
Taizhou is covered with several rivers and located in the North Subtropical Humid Climate. It is affected by the monsoon circulation and has a distinctive monsoon climate. Taizhou is in the humid climate area in North Subtropics. Influenced by monsoon circulation, it has obvious monsoon characteristics. With four seasons, it is hot and rainy in summer, warm and less rains in winter. It has a long term of frost-free period, abundant heat, sufficient rainfalls and the same period of rains and heat.
The highest temperature in Taizhou is in July and the lowest temperature is in January. The average annual temperature is between 14.4℃ and 15.1℃ and the average rainfall amount is 1,037.7 mm.
In Taizhou, spring comes at the end of March to the beginning of April. Summer comes at the first twenty days of June. Autumn comes in the mid of September and winter comes in the mid of November.
Usually, four seasons in Taizhou have their distinct features. In spring, the climate changes a lot. It has two distinct climates, namely plum rains and droughts, in summer. It is comfortable in autumn in Taizhou and cold in winter. In addition, Taizhou is frequently attacked by typhoons in summer.
In spring, the weather changes a lot. It turns from sunny days to rainy days frequently and rains benefits the farming. Spring rains are particularly beneficial to reviving and growth of overwintering crops, such as wheat, barley, highland barley and rape, and the seeding and sprouting of spring crops.
In summer, there will be a period called "mould rains", which is beneficial for plants, such as paddy rice, corns and cottons. Because of different strength of monsoons in summer, the rain period may come earlier or later, lasting short or long, with more or less rainfalls, it usually appears "empty huangmei", "dry huangmei", "flood huangmei" and "later huangmei" (huangmei means a period of rainfalls). Abnormal weather easily results in floods or droughts, which negatively influences the growth of plants. In summer, because of the hot and dry climate, droughts frequently occur and the growing paddy needs a lot of water. Therefore, it should timely monitor and forecast, which is an important work.
It was comfortable in autumn and freezing cold in winter. More sunny days and weak winds are beneficial to the growing and harvest of agricultural plants.